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The commands on the six sides are usually in words. The commands are usually: take all, all put, take two, put one, take one, and put two.
8-sided tops, like the two typical ones on the left, have smaller sides than the 6-sided ones so the commands are in single letters, numerals, and symbols such as stars (*) and zeros (0). The one on the far left has these outcomes on the 8 sides: * (star means take all), T3, P1, T2, 0 (zero means all put), P3, T1, and P4.
Look here 1921 New York Times news story of Women's Christian Temperance Union denouncing Put and Takes by name. The cheat pushes the central spindle up or down as he passes the top to a player. Also available as eight sided and ten sided Put & Take. The top is stamped, oxidized and then buffed with steel wool to lighten up the high spots. Manually machined from 1/2" solid brass hex and tipped with a silicon nitride ball bearing. Seller, historyfanatic, from Charleston IN, said, "While this top is made to replicate an original IVORY top, ours is reproduced in a resin-based artificial ivory. "Sure this game is available elsewhere but, as a bonus, we actually throw in 4 extra coins, so you get a total of 16 coins instead of the standard 12. We offer even more coins that are great to add or add replica coins from your own collection. Per the instruction sheet: "lose spin" means the spin goes to next player clockwise (to left); "put" means each player puts a chip (or amount) into pot; "take" means the spinner takes the pot; and "to decrease spinning time of the spinner, spin on a paper or cocktail napkin." First use and trade mark registered in 19, respectively. "P2" - Put 2: The spinner puts (pays) 2 into the pot. Unusual in that the letters are upright, not sideways. Gamp Sports "Spin & Win." Per Gamps: "Gamp Sports is excited to re-introduce this classic Spin & Win game with a top made from solid brass. COMMEMORATING THE ROYAL WELSH FUSILIERS AND THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME 1916. In June and early July 1916, ten battalions of the Royal Welch Fusiliers (RWF) became part of the British Army's huge concentration of men and firepower which, together with the French Army on the right flank, was to assault the German front line in Northern France. Per seller:"This listing is for one put and take spinner with carrying case. There is an emphasis on balance for a great spin, it is tough and has a personality of its own. Seller ID 1knifeguy1 (West Coast Trading Post) of Fairfield, CA, calls them "vintage" brass Put and Takes and lists them many times. PLAYING CARDS ANTIQUE CARD GAME VERY RARE GIVANTAKE PUT TAKE WITH CARDS 1910 A RARE COMPLETE SET OF 20 CARDS TO PLAY THE GAME OF GIVANTAKE A CARD GAME THAT IS PLAYED IN THE SAME MANNER AS A PUT AND TAKE SPINNER TO BE PLAYED BY BETWEEN 3 AND 8 PERSONS AN EARLY VERY EASY TO PLAY GAMBLING GAME CARDS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION ALL SHOWN IN PHOTOS COMPLETE WITH USUALLY MISSING PACKET WHICH IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION IT HAS THE RULES OF PLAY PRINTED TO THE REVERSE." Patrick Molloy, a collector from the U. L2 R1, R2, K1, K2, PUT ALL & TAKE KITTY,, L1/R1 means barrel moves 1 or 2 players left or right, k1.k2 means put 1 or 2 into the kitty, take kitty means take all from the kitty. I've collected put & takes and other pocket gambling games for years, but I've never seen one of these before. Pull tabs, spindle tickets and punch boards would be illegal in most places. Note it says "Put or Take." The ones below say "Put 'n' Take and Put-n-Take. These were probably given out as advertisements to induce sales. The top is just 1-3/16" long, the tray is 9" in diameter." It arrived, and I am very happy with it. It actually works, with a "D" battery (which I removed).
1921 Illustrated London News article -- a full page picture and article entitled "PUT AND TAKE CRAZE : A SUBSITUTE FOR PITCH AND TOSS." It says there that "Put and Take ... 1921 "Ripley's Believe or Not" column on current Put & Take rage -- it had some wrong historical information, but said, "Of course you play that new game of the spinning top called Put and Take? The dark one near the upper right is a cube-shaped metal Put and Take. The two at the lower right and lower left have internal spinning dials. Guaranteed old and original." Per seller: Vintage Bakelite Top ... The white and red parts are bakelite - The spin seperately from each other so the final outcome is always random - The blue handle is wood with some wear to the paint - The markings on the white part are P and T and on the red you have 0 1 4 A 2 3 "It is marked "Spinim" on top with a patent number. Thus, all the players could spin the top clockwise, but would get different results depending which way the spindle was pushed. Here the body of the apinner is not rounded on both ends (as described in the row above), nor is it rounded on even one end (as with the red tops above). Seller says: "As usual it has the following markings: Put One, Take One, Put Two, Take Two, Take All, All Put. He states in e Bay auction, "This listing is for the Classic six sided solid brass spinning top game Put and Take. These can be spun as tops on a smooth surface with a little practice, but are designed to have a short spin time to keep the game moving. ".00 plus shipping." There is also a deluxe edition in a tin box, for a little more money; click here to see it. Manufacturer: Dan Kroll Industries Corporation, Billings, Montana. Pend" (for patent pending) is etched on top of top near handle. the casino game with a message: 'what goes around comes around.'" Comes with: put and take spinner, 4 colors of plastic common chips, purple sachel bag, instruction sheet and original box. Seller in UK says, "Modern Copy of the 1930's Brass Put & Take Spinning Top Dice Gambling Game." On e Bay (March 2015) he starts auction at plus shipping to U. "T1" - Take 1: The spinner takes (gets paid) 1 from the pot. This unique 8-sided version adds excitement with each spin. This offensive was to become known officially as the First Battle of the Somme. THE POCKET GAMING COIN TUBE / VESTA MATCH SAFE & STRIKER COMES WITH THE SOLID BRASS SPINNER GAME. These spinners are hand machined by my husband (Jim) from solid brass stock. The letters and numbers are then hand stamped onto each of the 6 sides of the piece. Each spinner comes with a free spun aluminum storage container (color may vary) that can be attached to a keychain. " Sold by the maker, in Pueblo, Colorado, for .50. With a little practice it can also be spun UPSIDE DOWN!! The dimensions are approximately 30mm long and 15mm wide at widest point. I live on a bush property with a small solar power system and make the spinners myself. Also called vintage and listed many times by the same seller. The top of the machine says "Test Your Skill For." That is just an attempt to call it a non-gambling game, which would be illegal in most places at that time. Apparently you put the finger of one hand through the loop and quickly push down that yellow piece with the other hand, and the blue piece is pushed out spinning. Patrick Molloy." June 2017, I paid plus postage for a boxed one on e Bay. I don't know why the store was named "Put & Take." The owner of the chip thinks it was a "general merchandise and clothing" store. If you spin the top and it gets close to the edge, it does NOT immediately tumble and stop -- rather, it just moves away from the edge and continues spinning, for the most part, and then it collapses and stops. You press down on the little red knob at the lower righrt to get the two "rotors" (wheels) to spin -- the "number rotor" (numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) and the "color rotor" (put, take and take all).
groups (bags) "5" and "7," above, are 6-sided tops, and as such invariably have words on the sides and must be read with the top lying on its side -- the words are lined up with the stem of the put and take top (go in the same direction as/are parallel to the length of the stem) . words/letters read with the stem being upright (invariably, 8-sided put & takes) OR with the stem held horizontally (invariably, 6-sided put & takes). words (eg., "take all") OR letters (eg., "TA") on the sides. smooth handle/stem OR knurled/serrated handle/stem. One of the most surprising (to me) things said there is: "'Put and Take' .... racehorses of the 20th century." See 8 of these tops in original box here. Both the top (much bigger and heavier than most: c. "Also known as "The Sport of Kings," and often linked with gambling, flat racing has been a popular sport for hundreds of years. The Poker one has on the upper level: FULLH, 3, STRT, 4, FLUSH, 2; and on lower level: A K Q J 10 9. It looks nice, but is a TERRIBLE spinner -- it simply hardly ever can be gotten to spin! I soaked it in WD-40, but still could not unscrew it to correct it. The seller described it as: "Bi-level poker top ... I ordered one (July 2013), and it just arrived in a 12" x 12" x 12" box. Per Shapeways: "Dice version of the spinning top game "put and take." One die is labeled the other is labeled . Can be used as a D8 die, or labeled with options for the game "put and take" or "toma todo." Picture here. The star can be used as an extra rule, for example, all take, take one from everyone one, everyone takes one from you, take half, put half, etc. hides 3 dice and one brass put and take, or teetotum spinner, which fit into the handle .... Measures 10 1/4" in diameter and stands 5 1/2" high. Nine "sides" or commands in this order: take all, put three, take two, all put, take three, put one, re-spin (spin again), take one, put two. Box is bent out of shape and had some water damage in one corner.
The top would pass to the next player after each spin. For example, "Put All" could mean that the spinner matches the pot! 6-sided tops, like the one at the left, are much more common than 8-sided ones.
Ball bearings or Pointers/Flat Disks determine action (not sides of a spinner) in small hand-held devices. Advertising put & takes (company name on spinner) 4. If it landed "0" or Put All or All Put, each player would contribute one chip to the pot. Put & Takes were usually about 1-1/8" long, weigh 16 grams and made of brass, like the three tops shown below.
Game: TEETOTUM -- (Detail from Brueghel's Painting) . By far, the most common rule is for all the players to add one chip to the pot if "O", "All Put," etc. Also included are many put and takes that I do not own, pictures taken from e Bay listings. Look here, here and here, from a site about Spanish language put and takes. As noted elsewhere on this page, it is claimed that the prevalence of crooked Put & Take tops led to the end of the Put & Takes craze after the 1930's. Aluminum mainly, they make a wide variety of modern tops. Their 8-sided one, ink filled engravings, is MS-PT8: 65 grams, aluminum, 2-1/2 inches, spins well. THE DICE IN THIS SET REPRESENT THE FOUR MOST POPULAR STYLES OF DICE IVC HAS TO OFFER AND ALL MADE FROM SOLID BRASS. THESE DICE ARE NOT BRASS PLATED OR PAINTED, THEY ARE 100% REAL CUSTOM MACHINED BRASS. The on on the right appeared on e Bay, Jan 2013, and the seller emailed me that they are being made now by Rose & Pentagram Design,and soldthrough Noble Knight Games. Also, the bottom is rounded, no "nipple" or point to spin on. "Top is NEW 1 and 1/4 inches tall Hand Machined of solid Brass and Polished Made in the U. She sharpened the point *(sanded it down), and that greatly improved its spinning ability. I just received mine in the mail; it spins very poorly. By the way, not shown here, but the jagged line between the "T" and the "A" on the TA side is the signature "Rocky," the nickname of the creator of the top. Originals of these tops are hard to find today, these are made exactly as the originals and after they tarnish, will look exactly like an original does." "Morgan's Revenge, A Pirate Game." Per seller: "This enjoyable and simple game of chance comes with a 6 sided brass top similar to a dreidel, a 16 page booklet including instructions, and replica gold doubloons and pieces of eight. It is small enough to stick in your pocket or in a pouch while wearing your costume. I like it: shiny, heavy 47 grams, 1-3/8" long, get valid spin each time though often a clumsy spin, fun piece, easy to handle. Per dealer, "Made from solid brass, this six-sided Put & Take measures 1.50" long by 7/8" wide. The game finishes when one player has all of the pieces. Great game to have when family comes over for the holidays." Sold at this web site: "Top - Silver with Black Print". The top is stamped, oxidized and then polished but will patina nicely in time." The price for each is . Launcher: 12- inches long." Dealer told me, "sides are just numbered from 1 to 6 with "Industria Argentina" over 4 and "Trompolin M. There are 9 different cards/designs, repeated 4 times for each different card -- so 4 x 9 = 36 cards. The player would have to unwrap the ticket to see the results. Per UK seller: "A vintage, hand held, plated brass, Mechanical Put & Take Game. It is very well engineered & is in lovely condition for its age."Antique Pocket Knife Shop Display Advertising card with Put & Take Brand. Picture to the left is label on back of store display of the "Put and Take Brand" pocket knives. The seller, in Australia, described it as, "vintage folding knife ...'Put and Take Knife ' Germany, Richartz Bros & Son. Middle ( handle ) 7.5cm x 1.5cm." Inspirational booklet. It describes Put and Take as the "biggest game in the country," and "when it rolls over and stops, you do what it says." It uses the game as a parable for life, and a jumping off point for its economic message. " But it can't come from government because "Where do they get their money? The Birdseye Maple tray is made of one piece of wood with nice graining and a raised edge that keeps the top from spinning off.
You can improve/restore the spinning ability of tops. The principle described above applies to another form of Put & Take cheating: the gaffed top is rounded differently on both ends. Also known as PT8-MIL: Seller (on e Bay Sept 2017): "Each of our gambling teetotums are hand turned from a solid brass hex bar making each one unique. YOU ARE PURCHASING A SET OF DICE THAT SCREAM IM SERIOUS ABOUT MY GAMING. THE DICE INCLUDED IN THIS COMBO DEAL ARE AS FOLLOWS: *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS SPINNING HEX TOP D6 PIP *SET OF TWO 5/8 SOLID BRASS LONG LOG ROLLER D6 PIP *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS FLOATING D6 PIP *SET OF TWO SOLID BRASS STANDARD D6 PIP Another modern one I saw on e Bay, August 2009. A fun historic game for play at festivals and re-enactments. But the top is difficult to spin properly and consistently. But it is easy to file down the pointy tip to make it spin easily. It features a knurled stem for easy spinning and its heavy 1.6 oz weight [46 grams] will aid in long spin time. "This product is a silver annodized aluminum with black printed letters." "P1" - Put 1: The spinner puts (pays) 1 into the pot. Seller: "the possible outcomes are: T1, T2, P1, P2, WTA, AP2, which translates to: Take 1, Take 2, Put 1, Put 2, All Put 2, and Winner Take All." I have also listed this top on my English-language Put & Take page in the category of Unusual Put & Takes: here. They put out interesting videos showing how they made these tops: click here. Seller says, in Dec 2013, "It has been hand made, not machine made, of brass. I saw these for the first time August 25, 2010, on e Bay in two auctions with starting bids of about each. R." over the rest of numbers." Vintage Children's Put and Take Playing Cards Game, per seller in U. Only three of the designs have words on them: PUT 2, PUT 3, and TAKE 2. Click here to see all 9 different cards and their common back. He says, "made in England pre-war, made from Bakelite. Is played by rolling the barrel (flat multi sided barrel) L1. Kind of bold for a store owner to put up a sign like that. The central knob is spun, the button on the side is pressed to open the window & reveal the instruction, it cannot be spun again until the top button is pulled out to close / reset the window & then the game starts all over again. This is the cover of an inspirational 1951 small booklet published by the H. Both pieces are in good used condition, the top spins nicely and has no breaks and only a few small dings to the brass, the tray has some expected minor scratching and scuffing.